Whenever the programmers feel the need to change the basic layout of setting up a program, a new paradigm is introduced. Computer languages can then be classified based on the respective paradigm.
A programming paradigm is nothing but a style of programming. In one paradigm we may concentrate on the logic, in another, we may stress on the structure or procedure of our program.
C++ is a programming language that uses three such paradigms & hence, is said to be a Multi-Paradigm programming language.
A) Generic – We generalize concepts as templates & reuse them in the source code.
B) Imperative – We work with a sequence of commands so as to change the state of the program.
(Procedural Programming is the most common way this can be done. Structural Programming is a subset of Procedural programming)
C) Object-Oriented – We use classes which are blueprints of objects that share common behavior & properties.
(The focus here is on the data & instructions rather than the process).
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SEE ALSO Inline Functions in C++